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Posts Tagged ‘Pyramid’

The Most Famous Mausoleums in the World

Friday, December 13th, 2013

One of the world most famous mausoleums in the world is probably not even instantly recognisable as a mausoleum at all. The Taj Mahal in India is one of the wonders of the world and draws millions to it year after year. What many people may not realise though is that the Taj Mahal is a tomb for a Mughal Empress. The Emperor Shah Jahan was so grief stricken when his wife Mumtaz Mahal died that he ordered the construction of the Taj as a mausoleum and monument to their eternal love. Upon the death of the Emperor this tomb was placed alongside his wife where they both remain to this day.

The only mausoleums in existence today that can claim to be more famous than the Taj Mahal are the Pyramids. The Great Pyramid at Giza, Egypt, is the most iconic and largest of the Pyramids, it is also the oldest of the Seven Ancient Wonders of the World and the most well preserved today. The pyramid was built for the fourth dynasty Pharaoh Khufu and took around 20 years to be completed with a completion date of around 2560 BC. The pyramids are an engineering marvel with experts still baffled at just how the ancient Egyptians were able to construct it so perfectly.

Most modern mausoleums can probably trace their roots back to one of the wonders of the ancient world the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus or the Tomb of Mausolus as it was known, in fact the very word mausoleum comes form this tomb. The tomb was built between 353 and 350 BC by Artemisia II of Caria in memory of her husbands and brother Maulsolus the ruler of Caria in what is modern day Turkey. Artemisia scoured ancient Greece to find the best architects and artisans to create a tomb fit for the former ruler. The result was a magnificent tomb and although it no longer exists today its influence can be seen in mausoleums across the world.